(14-point, Times New Roman Bolded, all capital letters and centered)

Full Name (s) of the Researchers

(12-point Times New Roman, centered, bolded. Author information should be given as footnotes and should include the following information: Author’s affiliation and full mailing address in 10-point Times New Roman, centered. In case of more than one author, numbering should be done)


(12-point Times New Roman, centered, bolded)

① An opening statement related to your research subject to attract readers. ② Introduce the research problem point you investigated. ③ State the overall purpose of the study. ④ Clarify the basic method you used; analytical/experimental/numerical/…. ⑤ If so, describe the hardware, software, tools … ⑥ State major assumptions and conditions. ⑦ Indicate the results the research is aiming for. ⑧ A nice closing statement containing a recommendation.

(In the abstract writing, taking into account the above-mentioned explanations, it should be written in Times New Roman 12 pt, justified and with 1.15 line spacing).

Keywords: At least three (3) and at most five (5) keywords related to the title of the paper should be written in Times New Roman 12 font size, justified and with 1.15 line spacing.

General Guideline Statement

The abstract is expected to summarize the major aspects of the entire research work in a prescribed sequence that indicated above. It usually has a length of one page of around 250 words. The abstract comes in different types; critical, descriptive, informative, and highlight abstracts. Each has its own purpose. The most used one is the informative type which is within most of us interested. In such type, the researcher presents and explains all the main arguments and the important results and evidence in the paper. In this type, the researcher specifies the purpose, methods, scope, and intended results of the research. Here, one should write his/her abstract using concise, but complete sentences. The abstract should be written last since it summarizes the contents of the entire work. Think of the abstract as describing the most information using the fewest necessary words in complete sentences. The abstract SHOULD AVOID; lengthy background information, references to other literature, incomplete sentences, abbreviations, and any sort of image, illustration, figure, or table. The presented abstract template is just a trial to provide a guide for author(s).